Ebiomedicine – Available online 12 February 2017
Christian Lupinek, Kurt Derfler, Silvia Lee, Thomas Prikoszovich, Oliver Movadat, Eva Wollmann, Carolin Cornelius, Milena Weber, Renate Fröschl, Regina Selb, Katharina Blatt, Dubravka Smiljkovic, Volker Schoder, René Cervenka, Thomas Plaichner, Gottfried Stegfellner, Hans Huber, Rainer Henning, Justyna Kozik-Jaromin, Thomas Perkmann, Verena Niederberger, Ventzislav Petkov, Peter Valent, Adelheid Gauly, Hans Peter Leinenbach, Ingrid Uhlenbusch-Koerwer, Rudolf Valenta
• An IgE-specific immunoadsorber, IgEnio, was developed.
• IgEnio selectively depleted IgE from subjects with allergic asthma.
• IgEnio treatment was safe and well tolerated.
• IgE-depletion prevented increase of pollen-induced symptoms.
• In treated subjects, decreased skin- and basophil-reactivities were recorded.
IgE-associated allergy affects more than 25% of the population. Symptoms of allergy are caused by activation of inflammatory cells by IgE-allergen immune complexes. We developed an immunoadsorber, IgEnio, for the selective, effective and safe depletion of IgE from patients suffering from allergic asthma by immunoadsorption. IgE immunoadsorption with IgEnio may be useful for the treatment of allergen-induced asthma and perhaps other manifestations of IgE-associated allergies.
Prevention of IgE-binding to cellular IgE-receptors by anti-IgE (Omalizumab) is clinically effective in allergic asthma, but limited by IgE threshold-levels. To overcome this limitation, we developed a single-use IgE immunoadsorber column (IgEnio). IgEnio is based on a recombinant, IgE-specific antibody-fragment and can be used for the specific extracorporeal desorption of IgE.
To study safety and efficacy of IgEnio regarding the selective depletion of IgE in a randomized, open-label, controlled pilot trial in patients with allergic asthma and to investigate if IgEnio can bind IgE-Omalizumab immune complexes.
Fifteen subjects were enrolled and randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 10) or to the control group (n = 5). Immunoadsorption was done by veno-venous approach, processing the twofold calculated plasma volume during each treatment. A minimum average IgE-depletion of 50% after the last cycle in the intention-to-treat population was defined as primary endpoint. Safety of the treatment was studied as secondary endpoint. In addition, possible changes in allergen-specific sensitivity were investigated, as well as clinical effects by peak flow measurement and symptom-recording. The depletion of IgE-Omalizumab immune complexes was studied in vitro.
The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02096237) and conducted from December 2013 to July 2014.
IgE immunoadsorption with IgEnio selectively depleted 86.2% (± 5.1% SD) of IgE until the end of the last cycle (p < 0.0001). Removal of pollen allergen-specific IgE was associated with a reduction of allergen-specific basophil-sensitivity and prevented increases of allergen-specific skin-sensitivity and clinical symptoms during pollen seasons. IgEnio also depleted IgE-Omalizumab immune complexes in vitro.
The therapy under investigation was safe and well-tolerated. During a total of 81 aphereses, 2 severe adverse events (SAE) were recorded, one of which, an episode of acute dyspnea, possibly was related to the treatment and resolved after administration of antihistamines and corticosteroids.
This pilot study indicates that IgE immunoadsorption with IgEnio may be used to treat patients with pollen-induced allergic asthma. Furthermore, the treatment could render allergic patients with highly elevated IgE-levels eligible for the administration of Omalizumab and facilitate the desorption of IgE-Omalizumab complexes.
This study was funded by Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbH, Bad Homburg, Germany.